The history of Muslim freedom struggle is replete with heroic tales of different sections of the Muslim society in the subcontinent. The Muslims; after failing in their sincere endeavours to live in peace with the Hindu majority in India at last reached to the final conclusion that they will not be accepted by the Hindu population of India. They, therefore, decided to separate themselves from the Hindus and demanded a separate homeland by passing the famous Lahore Resolution in 1940. The passage of Lahore Resolution gave immense impetus to the freedom movement. The Muslims gathered under the dynamic leadership of the Quaid-i­ Azam who gave new meanings and shape to their quest for independence. Consequently the Muslims, accomplished their desired destiny within a short period of seven years after the passage of Lahore Resolution which amply proves the just stand of the Muslims of the sub-continent. The amazing success of the Lahore Resolution, culminating in the shape of a separate homeland for the Muslims, greatly owes to the staunch, selfless and dedicated efforts of all walks of life who extended their unflinching and dauntless support to the Quaid-i-Azam to turn their dreams into reality. In this respect the role played by the most revered Ulema and Mashaikh is of great significance. They came forward with their spiritual strength to infuse nationalism in the Muslim. They injected fervor and enthusiasm, with their preachings and fiery speeches among the scattered Muslim masses, and brought them in a united form on Muslim League platform. The role of the students in the freedom struggle is equally important.

The Muslim students provided young blood and energetic leadership to the freedom movement. The students proved selfless workers of the Quaid-i-Azam and Muslim League. They took the message of freedom to every corner of the sub-continent and gathered invaluable support for the Quaid-i-Azam. The Muslim ladies, too, did not lag behind in rendering meritorious and selfless services to the freedom struggle. The respectable Muslim ladies came out of their seclusion to put up the most unfearing resistance to the British and Hindu domination of the Muslims. The ladies worked day and night in organization of the Women Wing of the Muslim League. In the following pages, the role played by the Ulema, Mashaikh, Students and Ladies would be discussed in details. ULEMA AND MUSHAIKH The services rendered by the Ulema and Mashaikh for the cause of Pakistan will go in the pages of history in golden letters. These venerated - personalities experienced innumerable hardships in spreading the message of freedom. The Ulema and Mushaikh, with their preachings enlightened their followers and disciples on the freedom issue. They had to undergo lots of difficulties in personally contacting Muslims living in far ­ off areas. They held meetings and convinced the people to support the Muslim League. The Ulema and Mashaikh extended their profound assistance to the Quaid-i-Azam and made his task much easier. They attended the annual meeting of the Muslim League at Lahore in 1940. They took active part in the proceedings of the meetings where the famous Lahore Resolution was passed. They expressed their whole -hearted support for the cause of independence. The Ulema, after the passage of Lahore Resolution, worked with greater zeal for the establishment of Pakistan.

The most prominent of the venerated Ulema were Allama Shabbir Ahmad Usmani! Maulana Ashraf Thanvi, Maulana Hamid Badyuni, Pir Syed Jamaa't Ali Shah, Pir Sahib Zakori Sharif and many others. The Ulema and Mashaikh remained with the Muslim League and the Quaid-i-Azam during the election campaigns in 193.6 and 1946. The Ulema always attended the annual meetings of the Muslim League to assure the Quaid-i-Azam of their sincere support for his sacred mission. They toured the whole of the sub-continent and informed the Muslims of the atrocious policies adopted by the British and Hindus against the Muslims. Due to the untiring efforts of the Ulema and Mashaikh, the Muslims shed off their sluggish attitude to come under the banner of the Muslim League. Allama Shabbir Ahmad Usmani, a great theologian and Sufi, was the first of the Deoband school to extend his invaluable assistance to the cause of the Muslim League. He extended his staunch support to. the Quaid-i-Azam and sided with him against the volleys of attacks from other Ulema against the Quaid-i-Azam. He had his profoundest belief in Quaid's honesty, integrity and political skills and acumen. He advised his Muslim brethren to come under the banner of Muslim League which was fighting for the establishment of Pakistan. Maulana Shabbir Ahmad warned his fellow Muslims to beware of Hindu and Congress designs and not to be swayed by their false propaganda. He exposed a number of Muslim leaders who had come under the influence of widely respected all over the sub-continent for his vast religious and mystical knowledge. For most of the time he devoted himself to the impart of religious knowledge. 

However, he came into politics to support the Muslim League after finding the Muslims being exploited by the British and the Congress. Pir Syed Jamma't Ali Shah wa s born in a small village known as Alipur. He received religious education and learnt the Holy Quran by heart. He received further education Maulana Ghulam Qadir Bhervi, Maulana Fiaz-ui-Hasan Sharanpuri and Mufti Muhammad Abdullah at Lahore. He entered the discipleship of Shah Fazal-ur­ Rehman Ganj Muradabadi from whom he received mystical education. Pir Sahib had performed Haj and was a loyal follower of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him.) Pir Jamma't Ali Shah rendered invaluable services to the freedom movement. He undertook strenuous travelling throughout the country to muster support for the Muslim League. He launched an extensive campaign in favour of Muslim League candidates during the Elections of 1946. He laboured hard to win support from the All India Sunni Conference for the cause of Pakistan. Pir Jammat Ali Shah was given the proud title of Ameer-i-Millat for sincerely leading Masjid Shaheedganj Movement. Pir Sahib Manki Sharif was born in the village Manki Sharif, district Peshawar. Congress and who were sleading the He was a valiant fighter for the cause of Muslims. Allama Usmani dsked the Muslims freedom and rendered great 1 services to the to vote for the Muslim League. 

He declared that any Muslim who will vote for the opponent of the Muslim League would ruin the future of entire Millat and would be answerable before the Almighty on the Day of Judgment. B. Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi, an eminent scholar and a renowned mystic of the Deoband school rendered the most dedicated services to the cause of freedom movement. With Allama Shabbir Ahmad Usmani he became the most trusted companion of the Quaid-i-Azam. He was Muslim League. He joined Muslim League in 1945 to counter Khan Abdul. Ghaffar Khan's anti-Muslim and anti-Pakistan activities. He organized the Muslim League in the N.W.F.P. with the help and assistance of his followers. He attended the Sunni conference held at Benaras and spoke for hours in favour of Pakistan and freedom movement. He was arrested by the N.W.F.P. Government but he did not budge from his early stance. He was mainly responsible for organizing the freedom movement in the N.W.F.P. He was the most Pakistan Affairs devoted and trusted companion of the Quaid­ i-Azam. Maulana Abdul Hamid Badayuni was born in 1898. He began his career by teaching Islamic education at Badayun. 

His political career began when he came out to curb the influence of SHUDHI movement started by the Hindus to convert the Muslims to Hinduism. He exposed the fallacy of this movement and asked the Muslims to keep away from it. He actively took part in the Khilafat movement. Maulana Abdul Hamid firmly believed in Two-Nation Theory and considered the Muslims as a separate Nation. He severely criticized Nehru Report and undertook extensive tours to mobilise public opinion against the Nehru Report. He participated in the Annual Meeting of the Muslim League at Lahore in 1940 as a representative of the Maskaikh. He addressed the meeting and expressed his support for the Pakistan Resolution. Maulana Abdul Hamid was a trusted and selfless worker of the Muslim League: He toured N.W.F.P. to promote the freedom movement. He also organized the freedom movement in Balochistan. He was a close associate of the Quaid-i-Azam and accompanied him wherever he went. Maulana Abdul Hamid's speeches were greatly instrumental in dispersing the influence of Ehrars who had gained considerable ground played an important role in holding a meeting between the Nizam of Deccan and the Quaid-i-Azam. He was always a great source of strength and. sacrifice for the Muslim League Council. He was able to bring a large number of Muslims under the banner of the Muslim League.

 
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